Here’s what you need to know:
- All federal limits on testing will be lifted, Pence says.
- More limits on foreign travel are being weighed, but not domestic restrictions, Trump says.
- Two earlier deaths in Washington State are tied to the virus.
- Iran frees 54,000 inmates to avoid spread in prisons.
- The death toll in Italy surges while the pope has a common cold.
- The second case in New York raises the prospect of the virus spreading locally.
- Here’s how to know if you’re sick, and what to do.
Read updates in Chinese: 新冠病毒疫情最新消息
All federal limits on testing will be lifted, Pence says.
Vice President Mike Pence said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was lifting all restrictions on testing for coronavirus, and would be releasing new guidelines to fast-track testing for people who fear they have the virus, even if they are displaying mild symptoms.
“Today we will issue new guidance from the C.D.C. that will make it clear that any American can be tested, no restrictions, subject to doctor’s orders,” Mr. Pence told reporters at the White House.
The federal government has promised to significantly ramp up testing, after drawing criticism for strictly limiting testing in the first weeks of the outbreak. But health care supply companies and public health officials have cast doubt on the government’s assurances, as complaints continue that the need for testing remains far greater than the capacity.
“The estimates we’re getting from industry right now — by the end of this week, close to a million tests will be able to be performed,” the head of the Food and Drug Administration, Dr. Stephen Hahn, said at a White House briefing on Monday.
But some companies developing tests say their products are still weeks away from approval.
And even if a million test kits were available, public health laboratories say they would not be able to process nearly that many within a week. A spokesman for the Department of Health and Human Services said on Monday that public health labs currently can test 15,000 people daily, though that figure is expected to grow.
The F.D.A. said that Dr. Hahn was taking into account the anticipated increased production of test kits by an outside manufacturer, Integrated DNA Technologies, which is now selling kits to the federal government and other buyers.
The C.D.C. botched the first attempt to mass produce a diagnostic kit, a discovery made only after hundreds of kits had been shipped to state laboratories. A promised replacement took several weeks, and still did not permit state and local laboratories to make final diagnoses.
Dr. Hahn said actions taken by his agency to allow private labs and companies to begin making their own kits would greatly expand the capacity to test.
Tracking Every Coronavirus Case in the U.S.: Full Map
Maps show the extent of the coronavirus outbreak and the number of cases and deaths by state.
More limits on foreign travel are being weighed, but not domestic restrictions, Trump says.
President Trump said on Tuesday that he may further tighten limits on international travel in hopes of blocking the arrival of more visitors infected by coronavirus, but he ruled out for now any restrictions on domestic travel within the United States.
“We’re not looking at that at all. There’s only one hotspot,” he said.
“But we’re looking at other countries and we’re being very stringent,” he told reporters before boarding his Marine One helicopter to fly to the National Institutes of Health for a visit.
The Trump administration has already imposed limits on travel from China, barred all travel to Iran and issued warnings to Americans not to travel to parts of Italy and South Korea.
During his later visit to the N.I.H., Mr. Trump added that he was not actively considering restrictions on travel to Mexico but expressed concern about Japan, which is hosting the Summer Olympics in Tokyo.
Mr. Trump said he would not make a recommendation about whether the games should be postponed, but noted that Japan had just constructed a new stadium for the competition.
“I don’t know what they’re going to do,” he said. “They have this fabulous facility.”
As for Mexico, he played down the prospect of travel limits. “We’re not looking at it very strongly,” he said. “We’re not seeing a lot of evidence in that area.”
He earlier also expressed discontent with the Federal Reserve even though it cut the interest rate on Tuesday to help guard against the economic ramifications of the coronavirus, saying that the central bank should be lowering the rate even further.
“It should be eased down so that we’re competitive,” he said. “We have a Fed that doesn’t agree with that. I disagree with them.”
Two earlier deaths in Washington State are tied to the virus.
Two people who died last week in the Seattle area were infected with coronavirus, officials said on Tuesday, suggesting that the virus had spread in that region days earlier than health officials had previously known.
That brought the death toll in Washington State, and in the United States, to nine. So far, those deaths have all been in the Seattle area.
The confirmation of additional deaths adds to an escalating emergency in a region that has rapidly emerged as a focal point for the virus in the United States, where there have now been more than 115 cases of coronavirus in more than a dozen states, as local health authorities from coast to coast raced to assess the risk to schools, medical centers and businesses.
The other deaths, all announced over the last few days, included residents of a nursing care facility in Kirkland, a Seattle suburb.
Health officials in North Carolina announced that state’s first case of coronavirus on Tuesday afternoon. They said the patient there had traveled to Washington and been “exposed at a long-term care facility” where there was an outbreak, an apparent reference to the Life Care nursing center in Kirkland, Wash.
The North Carolina patient was said to be doing well and isolated at home in Wake County.
Officials in Washington State were rushing to take steps to contain the spread. Health officials were asking the State Legislature for an additional $100 million in funding to help respond to the virus. Some leaders were weighing more widespread closings of events, and around Seattle, immediate steps were being taken.
In King County, officials were in the process of purchasing a motel in the region that could house people needing isolation. They were also working to repurpose modular homes that had been originally meant to be used by homeless people.
Iran frees 54,000 inmates to avoid spread in prisons.
The number of people in Iran infected by the coronavirus surged past 2,300, the death toll rose to 77, and the country’s head of Parliament said that nearly two dozen lawmakers had tested positive and should avoid meeting with members of the public, the authorities announced on Tuesday.
The new tallies were reported as the judiciary, apparently hoping to minimize the risk of contagion in Iran’s penal system, said it had temporarily freed more than 54,000 prisoners considered to be symptom-free. But it was unclear from the announcement how many of the prisoners had actually been tested, given the shortage of testing equipment in Iran.
Gholamhossein Esmaili, a judiciary spokesman, who announced the prisoner releases, did not specify whether any of the reported cases or deaths so far have included prisoners.
Iran now has 2,336 reported cases, more than any country other than China and South Korea, and 11 more people have died, according to figures cited by the deputy health minister, Alireza Raisi, on state TV.
State news media reported on Tuesday that Ahmad Toysarkani, an adviser to the judiciary, was among those who had died. The virus has been felt at the highest levels of Iranian society, with Masoumeh Ebtekar, the president’s deputy for women’s affairs and the highest-ranking woman in the government, among those who have become infected.
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the supreme leader, was pictured in state news media wearing plastic gloves, and he told the Iranian people to follow medical advice to help combat the outbreak, saying anything that “facilitates its spread is a sin.”
The death toll in Italy surges while the pope has a common cold.
The death toll in Italy jumped to 79 on Tuesday, an increase of 27 deaths in one day, Italian officials said.
Those who had died in the previous 24 hours ranged in age from 55 to 101, said Angelo Borrelli, the head of Italy’s Civil Protection Agency who is coordinating the country’s response to the crisis.
“Most were over 70, and some had pre-existing conditions. But for the others, we still aren’t sure,” he said at a news conference in Rome.
Of the 2,502 infections so far — up from the 1,835 announced on Monday — 90 percent were located in the northern Italian regions of Lombardy, Veneto and Emilia Romagna, Mr. Borrelli said. Italy has had by far the largest outbreak outside of Asia.
In Lombardy, officials were looking into a spike in cases in towns near the city of Bergamo, where 234 people had tested positive in recent days. Lombardy has already established a “red zone” around some affected towns, barring people from entering or leaving, and could create another one, said Giulio Gallera, the region’s councilor for Welfare.
He said the region had increased the number of hospital beds and was looking to increase medical staff, and appealed to people over 65 to stay home “for the next two or three weeks.”
Meanwhile, the Vatican said Tuesday that Pope Francis was ailing with a common cold, and did not have “symptoms that could be related to other pathologies.”
In a short statement, the Vatican spokesman Matteo Bruni attempted to lay to rest rumors that had swirled in Vatican circles Tuesday after an Italian newspaper reported that Pope Francis had tested negative for the coronavirus. Mr. Bruni did not specify whether the pope had been tested.
On Tuesday, France, which has the second highest number of cases in Europe, announced 21 new cases of coronavirus on its soil, raising the total number of cases to 212. A top official at France’s health ministry also announced one new fatality from the virus, a 92-year-old man in the western Morbihan region, bringing the death toll up to four.
The second case in New York raises the prospect of the virus spreading locally.
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo announced on Tuesday morning a second confirmed case of the coronavirus in New York, saying that a man in his 50s in Westchester County, just outside of New York City, had tested positive.
The man initially went to a hospital in Westchester about four or five days ago, before it was confirmed he had the virus, the authorities said, acknowledging that he may have exposed doctors, nurses and others to the infection.
On Tuesday, health officials told the man’s synagogue, Young Israel of New Rochelle, to call off its religious services for the foreseeable future. Citing guidance from state officials, the county also told congregants who attended Shabbat services on Feb. 22 or went to a funeral or a bat mitzvah there on Feb. 23 to quarantine themselves; the county said it would quarantines if the affected people did not do so voluntarily.
The patient, whose test was confirmed overnight in New York City, is a lawyer who works in Manhattan and lives in New Rochelle. Mr. Cuomo said the new patient had an underlying respiratory illness and is now at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital in the city. The mayor’s office said he was in “serious condition.”
Though he traveled recently to Miami, he had not traveled to any of the areas that are known hubs of transmission for the virus. For New York, this means the new coronavirus can no longer be thought of as an external threat that has yet to arrive.
Health authorities in New York are now scrambling to trace the chain of transmission in both directions. They are trying to learn who he was infected from and to whom might he have passed it on.
“City and state disease detectives are working closely to identify close contacts and the appropriate next steps,” Mayor Bill de Blasio of New York said in a statement.
Two of the man’s children have links to New York City. One child attends a Jewish high school in Riverdale, which was closed on Tuesday as a precaution. The other, a college student in the city who officials believed lives on campus, has exhibited symptoms associated with the illness.
Both of them have been quarantined and are being tested for coronavirus, according to Mr. de Blasio.
On Sunday, officials announced the state’s first case, a 39-year-old woman in Manhattan who had been visiting Iran, one of the epicenters of the virus’s rapid worldwide spread.
Here’s how to know if you’re sick, and what to do.
Symptoms of the infection include fever, cough, difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, and gastrointestinal problems or diarrhea.
Serious cases cause lung lesions and pneumonia. But milder cases may resemble the flu or a cold, making detection of the more deadly coronavirus difficult.
Current estimates suggest that symptoms may appear in as few as two days or as many as 14 days after exposure.
If you think you’re sick, stay home, except to get medical care. If you have symptoms, the C.D.C recommends that you call a medical professional if you have recently been in an area with a coronavirus outbreak, or have had close contact with someone who has been to such an area.
Fed rate cut fails to quell investor fears of a coronavirus hit to the economy.
The Federal Reserve delivered the emergency rate cut investors had been clamoring for at 10 a.m. on Tuesday. The market rally that followed lasted about 15 minutes.
By the end of trading on Tuesday, stocks were sharply lower and bond yields had plummeted to previously unthinkable lows, suggesting that investors think there’s little the Federal Reserve can do to keep the coronavirus from hammering the U.S. economy.
The S&P 500 fell about 2.8 percent, undoing much of Monday’s 4.6 percent surge. The yield on 10-year Treasury notes dropped below 1 percent.
Both moves suggest investors see growing threats to the outlook for economic growth and corporate profits over the next 10 month
After shrugging off risks related to the spreading coronavirus for weeks, investors in the United States now fixate on every development in the outbreak as the number of cases outside of China has grown.
The key question is how much measures to contain the drift of the outbreak — from travel bans, to canceled conferences, to the potential for school closures — could hurt consumer spending in developed nations, as global supply chains in China continue to struggle.
Economists around the globe sharply downgraded their economic growth expectations for the year. JPMorgan Chase economists and market analysts estimated that the low interest rates in the Treasury market suggest investors are pricing in a 90 percent chance of recession, according to a research note published Tuesday afternoon.
India curbs medicine exports, affecting supplies worldwide.
In response to the epidemic, the government of India on Tuesday curbed exports of 26 drugs and drug ingredients, including a wide range of antibiotics and certain vitamins, meaning that the new coronavirus could soon have ripple effects on people worldwide with other ailments.
The world relies heavily on India’s huge pharmaceutical industry for generic drugs, but Indian officials are concerned about safeguarding the supply for their own country.
Indian drug makers depend on Chinese factories for key drug ingredients, particularly for antibiotics and vitamins. The Covid-19 outbreak in China and quarantine of Hubei province, where much of the production is centered, has severely hampered China’s ability to produce those ingredients.
Although Indian companies had stockpiled extra ingredients ahead of the annual Lunar New Year holiday, those reserves are now running low.
It’s unclear whether India’s exports of the specified drugs will be completely stopped. The government’s order said that exports of the drugs are restricted, which means a government permit is required before they can be shipped out of the country.
The antibiotics facing export limits are tinidazole, metronidazole, chloramphenicol, erythromycin salts, neomycin, clindamycin salts and ornidazole.
Other drugs on the restricted list include the painkiller acetaminophen, the hormone progesterone, the antiviral drug aciclovir, and the vitamins B1, B6 and B12.
Cruise ship passengers in the U.S. being released from quarantine.
Many of the more than 120 American evacuees from the Diamond Princess cruise ship in Japan were set to be released from quarantine on Tuesday from a military base in Texas, after state and local officials said the C.D.C. modified its release protocol in response to their concerns.
The former passengers have been at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio for roughly two weeks since being evacuated from the cruise ship. Those being released have tested negative for the virus and have not shown symptoms while in quarantine.
They were scheduled to go home on Monday, but their release was delayed at the urging of San Antonio and Texas state officials.
Their concerns stemmed from the case of a woman who had been quarantined and tested positive for the virus, but after treatment tested negative twice. She was released on Saturday, but then tested “weakly positive” officials said, raising questions about the accuracy of the test and the possibility of cases recurring.
The C.D.C. returned her to isolation, but not before she had stayed at a hotel, visited shops at the North Star Mall and eaten at the mall’s food court.
San Antonio officials declared a public health emergency stating that no previously quarantined person was allowed to enter the city. The city tried and failed to obtain a federal court order barring the C.D.C. from releasing more people.
None of those released on Tuesday will stay at local hotels, city officials said, but instead will be taken on buses from the air base to the airport.
Quarantined people who have been infected must be symptom-free and have two negative test results within 24 hours to be eligible for release.
The British government announces plans for worst-case scenario.
A fifth of the British work force could be out sick at the peak of a coronavirus outbreak. The police, hamstrung by virus-related staffing shortages, could be forced to concentrate on only the most serious crimes. Even the army could be called on to help.
Those were among the scenarios outlined in a 28-page planning document released by the British government on Tuesday.
Health officials said that they were preparing for a reasonable worst-case scenario of 80 percent of people contracting the coronavirus, but that they expected a number “a lot lower than that.”
Many low-level workers in Britain’s public health care system are technically private contractors, and fear not only the risk of infection, but the prospect of being quarantined and missing out on earnings they can ill afford to lose.
Britain now has 51 confirmed coronavirus cases, and Prime Minister Boris Johnson said at a news conference on Tuesday that it was “highly likely” that the number would increase.
But he said that the overwhelming majority of people would experience only mild symptoms, and that the scenarios set out in the action plan were what the government could do if it got worse — not what it was doing now.
The government also said that it was considering plans to delay medical care that is not considered urgent and to bring back retired doctors, measures that may be needed to help a health care system that was already dealing with a shortage of beds and workers.
Reporting and research were contributed by Jesse McKinley, Katie Thomas, Knvul Sheikh, Choe Sang-Hun, Peter Baker, Benjamin Mueller, Marc Santora, Joseph Goldstein, Michael Gold, Luis Ferre-Sadurni, Eric Schmitt, Helene Cooper, Roni Caryn Rabin, Russell Goldman, Paul Mozur, Raymond Zhong, Noah Weiland, Emily Cochrane, Aaron Krolik, Claire Fu, Elaine Yu, Elisabetta Povoledo, Vindu Goel, Manny Fernandez, Mitch Smith, Richard Pérez-Peña, Dagny Salas, Iliana Magra and Constant Meheut.